The most serious problem was wifi. I work in my living room with a very weak wifi signal. The iBook receiver is very weak. I often loose the signal. When I’m using xfce, something takes care of this. With ratpoison, when the signal goes, it goes. And when it comes back, I can
sudo ifdown and
ifup and pray and
sudo start networking and then it still won’t work. As I said, after half an hour I went back to xfce. Do I have to install this nm-applet I keep hearing about?
Had I spent more time with ratpoison, I would have investigated a solution to have Shift Tab switch windows. It’s hardwired into my motor patterns.
Update: Actually, I tried the solution using
nm-applet and it appears to work! I went back to my ratpoison setup page and updated it. I’m using ratpoison right now.
Upgrading my iBook G4 to Ubuntu 11.10 went without a hitch. But as the system rebooted, I ran into a problem:
- WARNING boot device may be renamed. Try root=/dev/sda3
- Gave up waiting for root device. […]
Now what? The Ubuntu forum got me the answer I was looking for:
- at the first boot prompt, answer
lbecause you want to boot Linux
- at the second boot prompt, answer
- if that works, fix your config by running
sudo yabootconfig -r /dev/sda3from the command line
There is one strange, tiny problem I do have, however: The trackpad will not work if the laptop boots with an external mouse connected. When I run
sudo trackpad show I get back no trackpad ! Weird, but not really a problem.
Update: For those of you coming here via Google search—if you are wondering how I got Unity to work—I did not. I switched to Xubuntu! Back when I was using Ubuntu 10, I made my switch: From the command line, I ran
sudo tasksel install xubuntu-desktop. then, in order to save disk space, I ran
sudo apt-get remove ubuntu-desktop and
sudo apt-get autoremove. I haven’t tried it in a long time, but upgrading my Ubuntu system still works. Yay!
Upgrading my old iBook to Xubuntu 11.04 after not having used it for many months was no problem!
Out of curiosity I installed Unity only to be told that my hardware to was too lame to run it. Installing it had the unfortunate side-effect of getting the Nautilus file manager again. Thus, whenever I started a session, the blue Xfce session manager (gdm?) background would be replaced by the rust brown background used by Nautilus for a second, until it was again replaced by the blue background of the Xfce file manager Thunar. I went back to my old post, 2010-07-24 Ubuntu to Xubuntu. I ended up removing
nautilus and some dependencies, verified that
sudo apt-get remove ubuntu-desktop had nothing to remove and ran
sudo apt-get autoremove. Let’s restart and check.
Ok, so yesterday my ISP’s downtime caused some extra trouble.
Here’s what I did:
- Tried the recommended way using the update manager in the Ubuntu Upgrade Notes and got an error.
sudo apt-get dist-upgradewhich installed a new linux and asked for a reboot. But then nothing else happened. Yeah, wrong idea!
sudo do-release-upgradewhich aborted with the same error.
- Checked out the Apple user Ubuntu forum and found a thread that recommended manually fiddling with the sources list. 
- So I did. I edited
/etc/apt/sources.listand replaced all occurrences of
lucidand commented out the two lines from partners.
- I ran
sudo do-release-upgradeagain. “Do you want to start the upgrade?” Yes!! “24 packages are going to be removed. 175 new packages are going to be installed. 1390 packages are going to be upgraded.“ Sounds about right! “You have to download a total of 790M. This download will take about 1 hour 40 minutes with a 1Mbit DSL connection and about 1 day 6 hours with a 56k modem.“ Just do it!
- As the thread noted my keyboard and the mouse clicks stopped working after a while and when I was asked whether I wanted to remove some obsolete packages, I couldn’t answer. I had to shut down the laptop manually.
- Rebooted, and was running the new Ubuntu!
sudo apt-get autoremoveand removed 25 packages.
I think I’m done?
alex@orientalibombus:~$ lsb_release -a No LSB modules are available. Distributor ID: Ubuntu Description: Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Release: 10.04 Codename: lucid
And I can already report a definite improvement. When the iBook awakens from sleep, I can reconnect to my wireless network.
I uncommented the partner lines again, ran
apt-get update and
apt-get upgrade – there was nothing to install, and no error messages. Good!
My old iBook is still being used! I installed Ubuntu on it a while ago. Today I thought that it was kind-of sluggish and I decided to switch from the default window manager and desktop environment to something leaner. I remember a long time ago I had been using SlackWare and had switched from KDE to Xfce. Time to try it again!
Right now I sort-of miss the Exposé functionality. I think I just need to find a different solution or I might go back to Gnome because of the resources this will need.
My menu-bar background is black. Yuck, that’s ugly. Must find a better theme. I think I’m running into two things conflicting, here. By using Xfce 4 Settings Manager → Appearance I was able to switch from Albatross to Clearlooks, I fixed the menu-bar. Previously, I had only used the Window Manager setting to switch from Default style to Agua style. Solved, I think.
I find that my dead keys are only working partially. The obvious stuff like the circumflex (^ + e = ê) and the umlaut (¨ + o = ö) work, but I’ve grown used to Alt+2 resulting in “ and Alt+Shift+2 resulting in ” – something about my keymap is broken! It turns out that I want my Option key to be used as Alt, with Emacs treating Alt as Meta. The Alt key, however, should be used as whatever it’s called to access the extra stuff on a key (again, I’ll have to look up the names). Gah! Keyboard Layouts Settings is not helping.
Half the problem is solved by the following – now the Option key acts as alt/meta.
! Option key is alt/meta remove mod4 = Super_L add mod1 = Super_L
Using “keycode 64 = Mode_switch” doesn’t change the Alt key to give me access to the third and fourth keysym. What’s wrong? Time to reread my old blog posts… 2009-11-30 Keyboard Remapping. Truly, I feel like I’m giving advice to my future self. Ah, there it is!
! Alt key switches levels remove mod1 = Alt_L keycode 64 = ISO_Level3_Shift
And it works! Now to make this permanent… save the lines in a file called /.Xmodmap and they’ll get run when you log in. Problem solved!
(Also remember the changes I made to my system: 2009-12-19 Waiting For Processes…)
Update: I’m currently using the following:
keycode 133 = Meta_L keycode 64 = ISO_Level3_Shift remove mod1 = ISO_Level3_Shift keycode 65 = space space
I ended up typing a lot of Shift+Space = non-breaking space.
Gaaah! I wanted to sit at the laptop and catch with my Google Reader – and find that my screen is flickering! Damn it. Does this herald the end of my beloved hardware – mere weeks after I finally installed Ubuntu on the iBook? Or has Ubuntu destroyed my monitor!?
The scary thing is that things seem much improved if I switch from 1024×768 to 800×600.✎
Update: Well, today it seems to be gone again. I wonder what that was about!✎
Well, I decided to install Ubuntu 9.10 instead of trying to figure out what the problem with the wireless firmware (→ 2009-11-14 Mutt). When I installed it while connected to the network via ethernet cable, it offered to download and install the necessary driver for the wireless card. I set up the network, but the device still seemed to be unavailable. I rebooted the system and wireless just worked.
I’m surprised! And awed!
- Alpinobombus is dead, long live Confusibombus!
- (my hostnames are all bumblebee related)
Now I just need to get the correct Swiss German keyboard mapping with the specific keys not visible on the keyboard – bracers, pipe, at sign, square brackets, that kind of thing.
The answer to that was available from System → Preferences → Keyboard. In the Layouts section, I picked Keyboard model Apple Laptop, no Separate layout for each window, Layout Switzerland German (Macintosh), and for Layout Options... I picked Key to choose 3rd level → Any Alt key.
Let’s see how well that works. I still have to install my beloved Emacs and see how the Option key turns out.
The answer to that turns out to be Alt/Win key behavior → Meta is mapped to Win keys.
Just for kicks I also activated Ctrl key position → Make CapsLock an additional Ctrl.
I’m also interested in clicking via Touchpad. Don’t let yourself be confused. If
xinput list shows that you have an “ADB mouse”, you can still have tapping and dragging!
sudo trackpad tap sudo trackpad drag
In order to make this permanent, I added it to
/etc/rc.local – without the sudo, of course:
# By default this script does nothing. trackpad tap trackpad drag exit 0
The wireless network needs some sort of firmware which I downloaded from the net and saved on an USB stick. See
man bwi for the location. Anyway, now I needed to get the package from the stick onto the laptop.
I don’t understand why i is relevant, but this  worked:
mount -t msdos /dev/sd0i /mnt/stick
I kept trying sd0a…
I added the following line to
/dev/sd0i /mnt/stick msdos rw,noauto 0 0
mount /mnt/stick will work from now on.
Back to the network! With
pkg_add bwi-firmware-1.4.tgz finally available I installed the firmware for the Airport wireless card in my old iBook.
ifconfig to verify that bwi0 is your wireless interface. Use
ifconfig bwi0 scan to list the networks available and find yours.
Now the WPA stuff for my Schroeder network…
ifconfig bwi0 nwid Schroeder wpa wpapsk `wpa-psk Schroeder "*secret*"` ifconfig bwi0 up dhclient bwi0
And it seems to work. I can
ping www.google.com – win!
Thus, I removed any
/etc/hostname.* files that didn’t work and created a single
/etc/hostname.bwi0 file containing the following line:
dhcp nwid Schroeder wpa wpapsk `wpa-psk Schroeder "*secret*"`
I’m surprised it works!
- fixing the keymap layout –
kbd -llists de and others, but no Swiss German layout → update Apparently sg stands for Swiss German!
- setting up ports, getting Emacs ← very important!
- setting up email
- Much later… Firefox?
Luckily I’ve used US keyboards before, and I’ve used vi before.
echo sg > /etc/kbdtype – apparently I can use wsconsctl to remap more keys.
Apparently there are no virtual terminals because there’s no VGA card, but there’s an alternative to GNU screen: tmux.
I realized that there are two levels of packages: 1. binary packages 2. the ports system. I started by setting
PKG_PATH=ftp://mirror.switch.ch/pub/OpenBSD/4.6/packages/`machine -a`/:ftp://ftp.wu-wien.ac.at/pub/OpenBSD/4.6/packages/`machine -a`/:ftp://ftp.OpenBSD.org/pub/OpenBSD/4.6/packages/`machine -a`/ in my
In order to test this, I decided to run
sudo pkg_add -v mutt.
At the same time I feel like setting up the ports system by downloading
Need Firefox and Emacs!
Does anybody read these at all? I need to write things down so I won’t forget. I’m trying to install XML::Parser and running into a tiny. I need to run it as root using sudo because I can’t install it using my ordinary account. I hate this and try to remedy the situation once a year.
So it’s that time of the year again. I look at the
o conf output and can’t find the place where I get to say I want to use
sudo make install command. I’m also greeted by the following message when I start the CPAN shell, so I’m guessing this could be part of the problem:✎
There's a new CPAN.pm version (v1.9402) available! [Current version is v1.7602]✎
I’m trying to run
sudo cpan Bundle::CPAN to see where that takes me… I actually had to run it several times (three? four?) but it worked in the end. Amazing.✎
As I have switched to Emacs 23 from CVS on all my major machines, I feel like trying it on my laptop, too. I recently built Emacs 22 for my laptop. Now I feel like I wasted time on that… Oh well. We’ll see whether this works as intended!
I discovered that I still have some old libraries in
/opt/local – old DarwinPorts stuff? I must confess that these days I hardly use ports anymore. I just download pre-built binaries, or build from source. That’s how awesome the world has become.
So anyway, Emacs from CVS → build from source, haha.
CPPFLAGS='-I/opt/local/include' LDFLAGS='-L/opt/local/lib' ./configure --with-gif=no --with-ns
Strange: As I discovered a while ago, the libraries are not really necessary. And yet ./configure complained when it could not find them. I guess I should report that as a bug.
Trying to build it right now… Will report back.
In file included from nsfns.m:36: keyboard.h:324: warning: redefinition of `Boolean' /System/Library/Frameworks/CoreServices.framework/Headers/../Frameworks/CarbonCore.framework/Headers/MacTypes.h:255: warning: `Boolean' previously declared here nsfns.m: In function `interpret_services_menu': nsfns.m:293: warning: assignment from incompatible pointer type nsfns.m: In function `ns_do_applescript': nsfns.m:2042: error: `typeUTF16ExternalRepresentation' undeclared (first use in this function) nsfns.m:2042: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once nsfns.m:2042: error: for each function it appears in.) make: *** [nsfns.o] Error 1 make: *** [src] Error 2
Do I report this as a bug?
Update: Doh, I discovered that all the CPPFLAGS etc. settings are not necessary. The only thing you need to use is --with-ns.